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Philosophical and Religious Sources of Modern Culture

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Edited By Jacek Grzybowski

Europe is the community of nations which, in the favorable conditions of a small yet extremely diversified continent, took over and developed the legacy of Greco-Roman civilization transformed and enriched by Christianity. Philosophy, theology, liturgy, religion, national culture and tradition are still manifestations of this heritage. Europe is not merely a region or geographical location. It is an idea that expresses cultural and social ideals. The nature of Europeanness is not defined by race or place but by freedom and culture in the broad sense. Latin Europe created a sphere of civilization. Though ridden by contrasts and differences, not merely an organic unity was established but also a unity of a spiritual kind by accentuating and merging of values all Europeans have in common. This was also made possible by Christianity whose ethos came to pervade a multiplicity of socio-cultural phenomena.

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Rev. Jarosław Babiński: Ralf Konersmann’s Conception of the Philosophy of Culture

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Ralf Konersmann’s Conception of the Philosophy of Culture Rev. Jarosław Babiński Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw (CSWU) The Faculty of Theology Philosophy of culture is a new, dynamically developing area of philosophy,1 on account of its “novelty” feverishly emphasizing its singularity and autonomy (both with respect to method and object) from other disciplines of science like- wise engaged in reflecting on the phenomenon of culture. A vast array of publi- cations has sprung up, seemingly overnight, aiming to respond to, systematize and organize this area of philosophical science .2 One of the pioneers in this field is the German philosopher Ralf Konersmann, who postulates the need to make culture a topic of philosophical reflection, demonstrating the incompe- tence of other sciences in describing the phenomenon. The problem of defining the philosophy of culture and its relation to other disciplines of science Cultural science seems without doubt to come closest to the philosophy of culture in terms of range. The fact that these sciences have a common object of study causes their convergence in many areas of scholarly reflection. Due to the methodology adopted as well as the tasks incumbent on the philosophy of culture one is entitled to speak of its singularity and scientific autonomy. What is more, philosophy of culture and cultural science are not just irreduc- ible to each other, but each approaches the same area the “field of culture” in 1 One may speak of specific conceptions of its practice. One such proposal...

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