Chapter 1: Neoevolutionism as the new paradigm of the social sciences
Chapter 1 Neoevolutionism as the new paradigm of the social sciences Introduction The neoevolutionary paradigm in the social sciences is in the initial stage of development, although the idea of social Darwinism having been discredited5, this is actually its second beginning. It seems however, that neo-Darwinism, closely related to evolutionary psychology, has in the last few decades achieved significant scientific successes, which make it more respected by philosophers of knowledge6. The use of neoevolutionism in research on man, culture and society involves a radical change of perspective in the social sciences and leads to man being dethroned by science once again7. The history of science indicates that humanity must have gradually rid itself of the conviction of its central role in the universe. The milestones of the emancipation of thought were: the Copernican Revolution, Darwinism and quantum mechanics. Copernicus put an end to the theory that the Earth was the centre of the universe. Darwin and his successors destroyed the image of man as the crown of all living creatures. 20th century physicists described a fundament of reality that proved unimaginable for man and was based on a coincidence. The time has thus come for another scientific revolution. Neoevolutionism forces its way into the social sciences and leads the challenge to the traditional vision of the subjectivity of man in favour of a hybrid called “the gene vehicle”8. The chapter analyses relations between the quickly-developing neoevolutionary paradigm and other paradigms of the social sciences. The basis for the analysis...
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