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Neodarwinism in Organization and Management

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Lukasz Sulkowski

The aim of this book is to outline the neoevolutionary paradigm emerging in the social sciences and indicate possibilities for its application in the management sciences. This monograph has an interdisciplinary nature and refers to a theory that has been formed on the basis of various social and natural disciplines, including management, psychology, sociology, anthropology, biology, epistemology and cognitivism. The work is targeted at researchers who specialise in management and other social sciences, and for whom the neoevolutionary paradigm can be a valuable point of reference. This book presents the application of evolutionary issues to the social sciences, and especially to the analysis of issues related to the management sciences. The presented framework of paradigm, methodology and research issues, leads to a proposal to distinguish a new research field called ‘evolutionary management’. The issues of evolutionary management would be by definition interdisciplinary; a combination of organising and management with evolutionary psychology and behavioural economics. The paradigm of evolutionary management would be coherent with the neoevolutionary conception of the description of human behaviour. This requires assumption of numerous postulates related to basing the management sciences on the basic evolutionary theories of human behaviour.

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Chapter 5: Management and the primates

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Chapter 5 Management and the primates Introduction DNA tests have confirmed the hypothesis that people are very closely related to chimpanzees. Only one percent of the genome of Homo sapiens is different from the genome of Pan troglodytes153. Should such a close relationship not also result in similar behaviour154? Management, according to the classical definition by H. Fayol, consists of planning, organising, commanding and controlling 155 . The fact that these activities are characteristic solely of humans has been, since the moment the theory of management was created, so obvious that it has never been questioned. However modern discoveries of evolutionary psychology and primatology suggest that most social skills people possess are of biological origin, thus also organisation and management are natural processes156. One could advance a thesis that the ability to organise is the foundation of social life, not only of humans, but also of numerous species of ape157. The aim of this chapter is to analyse the basic organisational skills that have developed in our closest relatives – apes, mostly chimpanzees and bonobos – and that have been perfected by Homo sapiens. It seems that organisational skills have been developing in the course of the primate evolution. Although the possibility of following the development of organisational processes in our pre- human ancestors (Australopithecus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus) is very limited, in searching for the biological roots of organisational processes one can still use the rich empirical materials that exist, based on the observation of chimpanzees. Analysis of this will prove the...

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