Alleviating Poverty in Nigeria through the Improvement of the Labour Conditions in the Informal Economy
A Socio-ethical Enquiry
Professor Dr. Bernhard Emunds, Frankfurt am Main
CHAPTER ONET he Problem of Poverty
5 CHAPTER ONE The Problem of Poverty Introduction Poverty is a global phenomenon. It proves to be the oldest but yet unresolved social problem. It has been and is still being studied and interpreted from different perspectives – social economic, political, and religious. Consequently, there have been contrasting views about its nature, types, measurement and causes. Against this background, this chapter explores the important aspects of poverty with a view to gaining a good understanding of how it exists in our world today. 1.1 Conceptual Framework 1.1.1 Definition Poverty has many faces, changing from place to place and across time, and has been described in many ways. This multifaceted nature of Poverty was acknowledged by world’s heads of states at the Copenhagen World Summit of Social Development in 1995. Poverty, they observed, has various manifestations, including lack of income and productive resources sufficient to ensure sustainable livelihoods; hunger and malnutrition; ill health; limited or lack of access to education and other basic services; increased morbidity and mortality from illness; homelessness and inadequate housing; unsafe environments; and social discrimination and exclusion. It is also characterized by a lack of participation in decision-making and in civil, social and cultural life. 1 Amartya Sen defines poverty from the viewpoint of “capability” to function in the society. Base on his argument that well-being emanates from a capability to function in society, Sen postulates that poverty arises when people lack key capabilities, and so have inadequate income or education, or poor health, or insecurity, or low...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.