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Alleviating Poverty in Nigeria through the Improvement of the Labour Conditions in the Informal Economy

A Socio-ethical Enquiry


Samuel Rapu

«Just wage and just working conditions have always occupied a central position in Catholic social ethics. The social teaching of the Catholic Church has however preoccupied itself for a long time with the employment relationships in the formal economy. Consequently, the self-employment and the other individual economic activities in the informal economy, highly important in developing countries, have until now not been ethically reflected upon. In this excellent study, the author takes the Nigerian situation as a point of departure from which he offers new opportunities for developing a poverty alleviation strategy that aims, above all, at creating Decent Work opportunities in the informal economy. This is indeed an excellent contribution not only to the further development of the Catholic social ethics for the African context but also to the current efforts in the continent at reducing poverty in a sustainable way.»
Professor Dr. Bernhard Emunds, Frankfurt am Main


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CHAPTER SEVEN Recommendations for an Integrated Poverty Alleviation Framework in Nigeria


Introduction Having examined the nature and causes of poverty in Nigeria and having seen in the last chapter how deficient the past and current poverty alleviation efforts in Nigeria are in dealing with the social problems that are responsible for the human misery in the nation, this chapter sets out to make some concrete recommendations for the development of a an integrated framework for a sustainable alleviation of poverty in the nation. The recommendations are based on the ethical orientation gained from the Catholic social teaching in chapter four and the political perspective derived from chapter five that provides a basis for adapting and applying the Catholic social guidelines for poverty alleviation to the Nigerian context. This ethical orientation revolves around “work” as the essential key to poverty alleviation and insists on a structural reform in social, economic and political life founded on justice, human dignity and on the social principles of common good, universal destination of goods, subsidiarity and solidarity. This reform should ensure that every human person will be able to develop his God- given potentials and through his work acquire what he needs to live the life that befits his dignity. This Chapter presents, therefore, some elements of employment framework that will broaden and enrich future debates on poverty alleviation in Nigeria. It makes concrete recommendations for strengthening the employment content of the current framework for fostering economic growth and fighting poverty in Nigeria. The NEEDS in which Nigeria’s current framework for fostering economic growth and alleviating...

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