Parthian Women in Flavius Josephus. Leonardo Gregoratti
Parthian Women in Flavius Josephus Leonardo Gregoratti From Crassus’s disastrous defeat in the mid-1st century B.C. to the early decades of the 3rd century A. D., Rome’s expansionist goals in the East were fiercely op- posed by the Parthians. This kingdom was established after Alexander’s death, in central Asia, close to the remotest borders of the Seleucid Empire1. Its mon- archs, members of the Arsacid dynasty, were able to exploit the weakening and the consequent disintegration of that huge Hellenistic state and spread their con- trol over South-western Asia. By the period of the struggle with Rome, the long- established Arsacid rule stretched from the Euphrates to north-western India, in- cluding Mesopotamia, the whole Iranian plateau and all the territories lying be- tween the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean to the south and the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus to the north. A quick look at the map of the Arsacid domains is enough to understand clearly that the Parthian empire was a geographically imposing political subject, a worthy heir of the legendary oriental empires which preceded it: the Assyrian, the Babylonian, the Achaemenid, that of Alexander and the Seleucid one. In comparison with many of them the Parthian kingdom was even far more long lasting. Unfortunately, any scholar dealing with Parthian antiquities sadly knows, that in spite of such geographical and chronological relevance the sour- ces at disposal to reconstruct the history and the administrative structure of the Arsacid kingdom are scarce. Modern research complains the lack of...
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