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Promoting Non-Animal Protein Sources in Sub-Saharan Africa

An Interdisciplinary Study

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Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari

The research results point to the need of sustaining plant protein sources to large populations in sub-Saharan Africa that have no access to meat. Proteins are essential components of the human body and therefore indispensable for human life. Malnutrition and diseases are often caused because of the lack of sufficient proteins. Since animal sources of protein are out of reach to more than 85% of the people of sub-Saharan Africa, the challenge is to make protein otherwise accessible, available and affordable to the ordinary man. Owing to the influence of climate change and population explosion, the situation at discussion will exacerbate within the coming decade. Therefore non-animal protein must be brought into focus in order to prevent major diseases of malnutrition.

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Foreword - New non-animal protein products for human consumption in sub-Saharan Africa (Franz-Theo Gottwald and Isabel Boergen) 9

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FOREWORD NEW NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN PRODUCTS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Franz-Theo Gottwald and Isabel Boergen The consumption of meat and animal products is increasing all over the world. The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) forecasts another doubling of the world meat production by 2050, resulting in an overall turnover of 465 million tons per year. The current consumption patterns are highly problematic in respect to environmental, climatic and social aspects. Livestock breeding and husbandry require high amounts of land and energy, and emit various waste products and climate-relevant gases. Meat production and its concomitant gigantic animal feed consumption has become a worldwide problem, especially in juxtaposition to the problem of world hunger. Worldwide 923 million people go hungry, and every seventh person suffers from malnutrition or lacks vital nutriments. And yet, world populations theoretically could be super fed. But despite a total worldwide grain harvest of more than 1.7 billion tons, hunger reigns supreme as almost half of global grain yields end up being fed to farm animals. But the consumption of animal protein has additional problematic consequences: the production of animal products demands high amounts of land, energy and water. The emissions from livestock husbandry (liquid manure, methane, carbon dioxide, ammonia, etc.) are highly polluting for soil and ground water and severely affect climate change. However, many people in Sub-Saharan Africa suffer from malnutrition and in some regions meat is the only available source of protein. In order to rise awareness of these problems...

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