An Interdisciplinary Study
Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari
Foreword - New non-animal protein products for human consumption in sub-Saharan Africa (Franz-Theo Gottwald and Isabel Boergen) 9
FOREWORD NEW NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN PRODUCTS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Franz-Theo Gottwald and Isabel Boergen The consumption of meat and animal products is increasing all over the world. The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) forecasts another doubling of the world meat production by 2050, resulting in an overall turnover of 465 million tons per year. The current consumption patterns are highly problematic in respect to environmental, climatic and social aspects. Livestock breeding and husbandry require high amounts of land and energy, and emit various waste products and climate-relevant gases. Meat production and its concomitant gigantic animal feed consumption has become a worldwide problem, especially in juxtaposition to the problem of world hunger. Worldwide 923 million people go hungry, and every seventh person suffers from malnutrition or lacks vital nutriments. And yet, world populations theoretically could be super fed. But despite a total worldwide grain harvest of more than 1.7 billion tons, hunger reigns supreme as almost half of global grain yields end up being fed to farm animals. But the consumption of animal protein has additional problematic consequences: the production of animal products demands high amounts of land, energy and water. The emissions from livestock husbandry (liquid manure, methane, carbon dioxide, ammonia, etc.) are highly polluting for soil and ground water and severely affect climate change. However, many people in Sub-Saharan Africa suffer from malnutrition and in some regions meat is the only available source of protein. In order to rise awareness of these problems...
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