An Interdisciplinary Study
Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari
An appraisal of some seeds and vegetables as lesser known potential sources of non-animal protein in northern Nigeria (Sunday Paul Bako) 81
AN APPRAISAL OF SOME SEEDS AND VEGETABLES AS LESSER KNOWN POTENTIAL SOURCES OF NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN IN NORTHERN NIGERIA Sunday Paul Bako Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria Abstract This study presents primary and secondary data on the potentials of indigenous and naturalized plant species as sources of non-animal protein as well as the present cultivation and utilization status of these species in northern Nigeria. The methodology involved in the analysis of protein contents for both primary and secondary data was the micro-Kjehldal procedure (except where otherwise stated). Over 25 plant species were presented as having protein contents that ranges from as low as 4.25% to as high as 41.60% in their various seeds and leaves. Similarly, it presents data on the occurrence of six categories of anti- nutritional factors in the various parts of the plants analyzed. Majority of these species are presently exploited more in other regards than as sources of food. It therefore highlights the potentials of indigenous and naturalized plants as sources of food proteins that could be utilized to improve human nutrition in a predominantly low income population. Further, it hopes to stimulate research into food safety aspects, as well as commercial viability of the species with promise as crops for enhanced cultivation. Introduction In sub-Saharan Africa, there are several thousand indigenous species of plants already selected for food production, that still fall outside the ambit of modern research and economic development. These plants have been feeding people for ages and have become essential parts of the peoples’...
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