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Promoting Non-Animal Protein Sources in Sub-Saharan Africa

An Interdisciplinary Study


Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari

The research results point to the need of sustaining plant protein sources to large populations in sub-Saharan Africa that have no access to meat. Proteins are essential components of the human body and therefore indispensable for human life. Malnutrition and diseases are often caused because of the lack of sufficient proteins. Since animal sources of protein are out of reach to more than 85% of the people of sub-Saharan Africa, the challenge is to make protein otherwise accessible, available and affordable to the ordinary man. Owing to the influence of climate change and population explosion, the situation at discussion will exacerbate within the coming decade. Therefore non-animal protein must be brought into focus in order to prevent major diseases of malnutrition.


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Adoption and diffusion of a new non-animal protein source: A case of yam minisett/maize/cowpea intercrop technology among farming households in Niger Delta, Nigeria (Edet Joshua Udoh) 101


ADOPTION AND DIFFUSION OF A NEW NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN SOURCE: A CASE OF YAM MINISETT/MAIZE/COWPEA INTERCROP TECHNOLOGY AMONG FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA Edet Joshua Udoh University of Uyo, Uyo Abstracts The study focuses on the identification of factors that determine the adoption of yam minisett/maize/cowpea intercrop (YMC-intercrop) as a new non-animal protein source in the Niger Delta State of Nigeria. The study is based on primary data randomly collected from 372 adopters and 372 non-adopters of the technology. Besides the use of descriptive statistics, the study models effects of farmer, farm and technology specific factors on the decision to adopt YMC- intercrop innovation using the Tobit threshold model. Analysis of the socio- economic characteristics of respondents reveals that majority of adopters (56.5%) had household size greater than 6 persons while 48.4% had 1 to l0 years farming experience. About 71% of non-adoptions rarely had contact with the extension agent. About 64.5% of adopters made profit greater than N20.000 while only 9.7% of non-adopters made profit greater than N 20.000. Empirical analysis using the Tobit model further reveals that household size, educational attainment, total available farm land, access to credit, access to augmented inputs and contact with an extension agent positively and significantly affected the adoption of the technology. In term of technology specific characteristics, reasons for land, non-animal protein source and food security also appeared as important YMC-intercrop adoption positive drivers. But farmer’s experience negatively and significantly affected the adoption of the technology. Though the extent of diffusion of...

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