Edited By Mirja-Tytti Talib, Jyrki Loima, Heini Paavola and Sanna Patrikainen
Headmasters’ conceptions of school festival traditions Arto Kallioniemi, Kaarina Lyhykäinen and Antti Räsänen 161
161 Headmasters’ conceptions of school festival traditions Arto Kallioniemi, Kaarina Lyhykäinen ja Antti Räsänen Introduction The focus of this article is to look at comprehensive school level headmasters’ conceptions of school festival traditions. School festivals are traditionally a cen- tral part of a school’s cultural heritage education. School festival tradition is a very important part of Finnish cultural-identity. In our changing society cele- brating school festivals has become more difficult than before, e.g. religious di- versity has changed the situation of schools so that there is a growing number of pupils who cannot participate in school festivals for religious and cultural rea- sons. The focus of this article is to look at school headmasters’ conceptions of school festival traditions. In addition, how they see that school is responsible for transmitting festival traditions. Furthermore, co-operation with local congrega- tions in organising school assemblies and church services in schools for Christ- mas and Easter. This article is based on a survey conducted in spring of 2007. Altogether 250 headmasters of comprehensive schools around Finland took part in survey. This presentation is part of the Helsinki and the Joensuu university research project investigating school festivals. School festival tradition Festivals are very important part of the Finnish cultural-identity. Celebrating festivals helps people to point out who they are and where they belong. Many traditions and memories are connected with festivals as they transmit cultural heritage from one generation to another. This is especially important in the reli- gious education (RE) curriculum...
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