A Context-sensitive and Functional Approach to Evidentiality in Spanish or Why Evidentiality needs a Superordinate Category
7 A context-sensitive and functional approach to the use of the conditional form and the synthetic future
While verbs of cognitive attitude or modal adverbs represent lexical means to express evidentiality, the Spanish condicional, futuro sintético and imperfecto145 are to be seen as grammatical forms that may convey evidential meanings. So in this chapter verbs in the conditional and future form will be dealt with. Giacalone Ramat/Topadze (2007: 7-8) observe that in some languages, evi- dential meanings “have developed as secondary meanings out of tenses and moods of the verbal system”. Such evidential meanings have developed out of the Spanish condicional and the futuro sintético. After considering the secon- dary meanings of the conditional, the evidential meanings that developed out of the future tense will be looked at. In the New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish (2004), Butt/Benjamin list various types of conditions like remote and unfulfilled conditions and other ways of expressing conditions in Spanish (Butt/Benjamin 2004: 361-367). Text passage (388), for instance, represents an example containing a ‘typical’ sen- tence structure for a remote condition, that is, the use of the conditional is grammatically motivated: (388) Si los sevillanos eliminasen al Oporto, se enfrentarían en octavos al ganador del PAOK Salónica (GRE)-CSKA Moscú (RUS). (El Mundo 19/12/2010) But how could the use of the conditional in (389) and (390) be explained? (389) Según explicó el propio Perelló en varias ocasiones, el Duque de Palma realizaría en el equipo de vela la labor de representar el área social y cultural con la colaboración de la fundación Crist...
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