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The Modernisation of European Universities

Cross-National Academic Perspectives

Series:

Marek Kwiek and Andrzej Kurkiewicz

The recent decade brought about new ways of thinking about universities. European-level educational policies became increasingly influential as the agenda of university reforms was viewed as part of greater Lisbon strategy reforms. National governments adopted the economic concept of the university consistently developed in subsequent official documents of the European Commission. The EU member states currently need to balance their educational policies between the requirements of policies promoted by the EU and the requirements of their national systems. Additionally, the national educational policies are under high pressure due to globalisation. European universities and European academics operate in the midst of these large-scale changes. Their interpretations of and their responses to what is termed «the modernisation agenda of European universities» are at the core of this volume.

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Chapter 12: Communication From the Commission: SupportingGrowth and Jobs – an Agenda for the Modernisation of Europe's Higher Education Systems

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Chapter 12 Communication From the Commission: Supporting Growth and Jobs – an Agenda for the Modernisation of Europe's Higher Education Systems Introduction The Europe 2020 strategy, its Flagship Initiatives and the new Integrated Guidelines put knowledge at the heart of the Union’s efforts for achieving smart, sustainable and inclusive growth; the Commission’s proposal for the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 supports this strategy with a significant increase in the budget devoted to investment in education, research and innovation. This is because education, and in particular higher education and its links with research and innovation, plays a crucial role in individual and societal advancement, and in providing the highly skilled human capital and the articulate citizens that Europe needs to create jobs, economic growth and prosperity. Higher education institutions1 are thus crucial partners in delivering the European Union's strategy to drive forward and maintain growth. Despite a challenging employment climate in the wake of the economic crisis, higher education represents a sound choice2. Yet, the potential of European higher education institutions to fulfil their role in society and contribute to Europe's prosperity remains underexploited; Europe is no longer setting the pace in the global race for knowledge and talent, while emerging economies are rapidly increasing their investment in higher education3. While 35% of all jobs in the EU will require high-level qualifications by 20204, only 26% of the workforce currently has a higher education qualification. The EU still lags behind in the share of researchers in the total labour force: 6 per 100,...

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