Cross-National Academic Perspectives
Chapter 14: Concluding Remarks:European Strategies and Higher Education. Marek Kwiek
Chapter 14 Concluding Remarks: European Strategies and Higher Education Marek Kwiek 1. Introduction This concluding chapter discusses EU-level developments in policy thinking in the area of higher education, training, and labour markets based on the analysis of a major large-scale strategy promoted by the European Commission in the 2000s: “Education and Training 2010” (ET 2010, launched in 2001, followed by a new strategy for the next decade, “Education and Training 2020”, ET 2020). The strategy shows major EU-level conceptualizations in the areas of education, training and labour market policies. The major focus of this analysis of the most relevant documents debated within this strategy is youth, students, and gradu- ates; in particular in connection with higher education and lifelong learning op- portunities. The EU-level strategy is linked here to the formerly existing Lisbon Strategy and to the new Europe 2020 Strategy for “smart, sustainable and inclu- sive growth”. 2. “Education and Training 2010” and its implications for Euro- pean higher education The focus of this chapter is on the two components of the “Education and Train- ing 2010” strategy: (A) Developing Lifelong Learning (LLL) strategies, and (B) Higher education reforms. The chapter does not discuss such ET 2010 compo- nents as the initiative of the European Institute of Technology (EIT), developing school education policies, removing obstacles to mobility, promoting mul- tiligualism, ICT for innovation and lifelong learning, and enhanced cooperation in vocational and adult education. The two selected components are large-scale systemic issues regarding the changes in which all EU...
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