Chapter I: Political Parties
9 Chapter I Political Parties 1.1 General description In 1951, M. Duverger introduced the term “Stasiologie” (stasiology) in his study Les partis politiques, in order to denominate the structure of politics – the science of political parties. Conceived as an institution, the party “is a field of social existence”1, a period in which “politics develops along established trajectories”2 and provides the framework for confrontations between ideologies, principles, personalities. “The modern political pattern – fortunately or unfortunately, as Dumitru Lepdatu notes – is imbued or over-imbued with partidism. It seems that the majority of political life cannot be conceived outside parties and their role as society mentors”.3 The subject matter of policy setting in the Modern Age and late Modern Age through the expansion of the party as a concept engenders two types of influential consequences on the political system and political regime. On the one hand, the party is “the compulsory vehicle of democracy”4, with democ- racy not being able to be conceived as reality, as a political system including a desirable system of values apart from some political institutions that are neces- sary to achieve a democratic government. On the other hand, if the democratic political regime requires the existence of political parties, it is as true that an existential need has led to a domination of political parties on social and political aspects, talking more and more – as the aforementioned author notes – about “partidocracy”, thus “of a quasi-total domi- nation of politics by parties”, the political regime...
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