Edited By Pille Runnel, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Piret Viires and Marin Laak
Digital Memory, Risks and Common Sense:Dilemmas in the Context of National Libraries. Janne Andresoo
251 Digital Memory, Risks and Common Sense: Dilemmas in the Context of National Libraries Janne Andresoo Director General National Library of Estonia Tõnismägi 2, 15189 Tallinn, Estonia firstname.lastname@example.org Mihkel Volt Head of the Research and Development Centre National Library of Estonia Tõnismägi 2, 15189 Tallinn, Estonia email@example.com 1. Introduction In any country the national library collects, preserves and provides access to doc- uments published in this country – it is an institution safeguarding texts that are important to the society. For national libraries, the tasks of collecting/preserving and providing access are like two sides of the same coin: one cannot exist without the other. Collecting and preserving are activities that build the potential avail- ability, ensuring sustainable access to texts. However, as the practice of national libraries increasingly involves digital texts, it is time to view the possible changes in the working principles of national libraries that make cultural heritage avail- able. Have these principles undergone any changes in the present ‘digital era’ and ‘risk society’? What has been changed and for what reason? Which organisations experience similar changes? 2. The risk society and digital memory According to Ulrich Beck, who wrote a book titled Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity, � rst published in German in 1986, each society faces global techno- logical dangers. He writes that our modern society no longer follows any birth rights but enables people to establish their position through their own choices and achievements. In this modern society we come...
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