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The Digital Turn: User’s Practices and Cultural Transformations

Pille Runnel, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Piret Viires and Marin Laak

By combining the analysis of the new forms and environments of the digital world with critical scholarship of the role of the users, this book argues that cultural field is facing a challenge of the digital turn. The digital turn hereby implies that changes in the use and application of digital technology bring on changes in practice and in the relationships between cultural institutions and audiences. We approach the changes in society from the structural (institutional) as well as from the agential (audiences, users, individuals) perspective. The authors represented in this book share the view that there is no need to fear the new media pushing aside traditional cultural forms, acknowledging at the same time that the scope of this cultural change is far from understood.

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Digital Memory, Risks and Common Sense:Dilemmas in the Context of National Libraries. Janne Andresoo

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251 Digital Memory, Risks and Common Sense: Dilemmas in the Context of National Libraries Janne Andresoo Director General National Library of Estonia Tõnismägi 2, 15189 Tallinn, Estonia janne.andresoo@nlib.ee Mihkel Volt Head of the Research and Development Centre National Library of Estonia Tõnismägi 2, 15189 Tallinn, Estonia mihkel.volt@nlib.ee 1. Introduction In any country the national library collects, preserves and provides access to doc- uments published in this country – it is an institution safeguarding texts that are important to the society. For national libraries, the tasks of collecting/preserving and providing access are like two sides of the same coin: one cannot exist without the other. Collecting and preserving are activities that build the potential avail- ability, ensuring sustainable access to texts. However, as the practice of national libraries increasingly involves digital texts, it is time to view the possible changes in the working principles of national libraries that make cultural heritage avail- able. Have these principles undergone any changes in the present ‘digital era’ and ‘risk society’? What has been changed and for what reason? Which organisations experience similar changes? 2. The risk society and digital memory According to Ulrich Beck, who wrote a book titled Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity, � rst published in German in 1986, each society faces global techno- logical dangers. He writes that our modern society no longer follows any birth rights but enables people to establish their position through their own choices and achievements. In this modern society we come...

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