Comparative Reflections on Poland and Norway
Edited By Marek Kwiek and Peter Maassen
Chapter 4: University Reform and the Nordic Model. Åse Gornitzka and Peter Maassen
Chapter 4 University Reform and the Nordic Model Åse Gornitzka and Peter Maassen Introduction In this chapter we will address the question of policy change by focusing on the factors that have shaped the direction and content of university governance reforms in three national cases, Denmark, Finland and Norway. These countries are positioned within what we refer to as the Nordic socio-economic Model. The two other Nordic countries, Iceland and Sweden, are not included in this analysis. The reason for this is that we wanted to focus on the three Nordic countries that are ‘most equal’. Iceland is much smaller than the other Nordic countries, while Sweden is almost double the size of the three selected countries. In this specific analysis we look at how government policies concerning university autonomy have changed over time in the included three Nordic countries as well as how the public funding of universities has developed. We refer to these two issues as governance reforms. Our concern here is exploratory – we recognise the validity of seeing the Nordic countries as belonging to the same class of countries also when it comes to the universities and the public policies pursued with respect to them. At the same time we assume that by selecting from the Nordic countries three ‘most equal’ cases, we can analyse whether the reform instrumentation and outcomes within the overall framework of the communalities of the Nordic model are becoming more similar or more varied. This will also allow us to discuss the...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.