The Image of the Lexeme Based on an Analysis of Collocations: Milena Hebal-Jezierska
The Image of the Lexeme Based on an Analysis of Collocations Milena Hebal-Jezierska Abstract The aim of this paper is to demonstrate a method for creating an image of lexemes based on collocations, especially with respect to problematic issues. The analysis has been performed on words referring to foreigners living in the Czech Republic. The starting point is a collocational quantitative analysis using a corpus-driven approach. The categories in which the examined words have occurred are based on statistics. Within this framework, a deeper contextual analysis has been made (inclusion of collocations in a broader context). Thanks to contextual and non- contextual analysis of collocations1, an image of the lexemes has been created. Keywords Image of words, collocations, contextual analysis of collocations, non-contextual analysis of collocations, stereotypes of nationalities PART I: INTRODUCTORY The aim of this article is to present the main problems which occur when creating an image of a lexeme on the basis of collocations. The definition of collocation is taken from Cambridge Dictionaries Online 2 By this we mean “a word or phrase which is often used with another word or phrase, in a way that sounds correct to people who have spoken the language all their lives, but might not be expected from the meaning” 1 The non-contextual analysis of collocations is termed in corpora linguistics as collocation profile (Keibel 2011). 2 http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/collocation 184 Milena Hebal-Jezierska The method A quantitative corpus-driven approach is used to explore collocations. In general, the collocations are automatically extracted from...
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