Cultural and Regional Studies- In Collaboration with Sevinj Bakhysh and Izabella Horvath
Edited By Rahilya Geybullayeva
Part 1: National or Transnational, Source or Interpretation
Part 1 National or Transnational, Source or Interpretation 13 From Archetypal Situation to Archetypised Words or Words as a Unit of Semantic Reinterpretations Rahilya Geybullayeva (Azerbaijan) The word “archetype” as a carrier of the meanings “primary” and “module-type” Etymologically the word “archetype” in Greek means initial, primary sample; the first part of the word arche means primary model; a type, a pattern supposing reiteration.1 Classification cannot be made without repetition, so type implies the recycling of a pattern. Any recycling, even an imitative recycling cannot present an identical copy of the primordial type or any previous type, namely the arche- type. Time, space, and the individuality of the author are inevitably imprinted on the new version, thus creating variation. Thus archetype presumes both an archaic type (an invariant) and the modification of the type. Regarding the term primary, it means the first not only in time, but in rank as well. The second meaning is reflected in such words as archangel (a principal angel)2 archbishop, archeries (the highest rank in the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches), archon (the chief magistrate in Ancient Greek city-states). “The term “archetype” occurs as early as Philo Judaeus, with reference to the Imago Dei (God-image) in man. It can also be found in Irenaeus,3 who says: “The creator of the world did not fashion these things directly from himself, but copied them from archetypes outside himself.” In the Corpus Hermeticum, God is called … archetypical light (Harrison, Charles 2003: 379). In some of Plato’s...
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