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Archetypes in Literatures and Cultures

Cultural and Regional Studies- In Collaboration with Sevinj Bakhysh and Izabella Horvath

Edited By Rahilya Geybullayeva

The formation of new countries after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Eastern European block necessarily brings about an increased awareness of national identity and has given rise to more urgent attempts to define national literary and cultural facts. Among the facts to be determined are the circulation of similar cultural motifs, situations, symbols, plots, genres, words, and rituals. Such a situation gives rise to questions concerning the relationship between things that were constructed over centuries and relatively new archetypal plots and situations created by different authors, developed in different periods and in national literatures. For example, how does translation influence the migration of plots? Does the blurring of borders between sources and re-interpretations make it difficult to distinguish the original and the «kidnapped» texts? The forms of archetypes have changed and continue to change, creating a hyper-text. Taking these things into consideration, the question arises: «Where are the borders between an original text, influences, and plagiarism?»

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Part 1: National or Transnational, Source or Interpretation

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Part 1 National or Transnational, Source or Interpretation 13 From Archetypal Situation to Archetypised Words or Words as a Unit of Semantic Reinterpretations Rahilya Geybullayeva (Azerbaijan) The word “archetype” as a carrier of the meanings “primary” and “module-type” Etymologically the word “archetype” in Greek means initial, primary sample; the first part of the word arche means primary model; a type, a pattern supposing reiteration.1 Classification cannot be made without repetition, so type implies the recycling of a pattern. Any recycling, even an imitative recycling cannot present an identical copy of the primordial type or any previous type, namely the arche- type. Time, space, and the individuality of the author are inevitably imprinted on the new version, thus creating variation. Thus archetype presumes both an archaic type (an invariant) and the modification of the type. Regarding the term primary, it means the first not only in time, but in rank as well. The second meaning is reflected in such words as archangel (a principal angel)2 archbishop, archeries (the highest rank in the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches), archon (the chief magistrate in Ancient Greek city-states). “The term “archetype” occurs as early as Philo Judaeus, with reference to the Imago Dei (God-image) in man. It can also be found in Irenaeus,3 who says: “The creator of the world did not fashion these things directly from himself, but copied them from archetypes outside himself.” In the Corpus Hermeticum, God is called … archetypical light (Harrison, Charles 2003: 379). In some of Plato’s...

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