Cultural and Regional Studies- In Collaboration with Sevinj Bakhysh and Izabella Horvath
Part 3: Archetype as a Symbol and Image
123 Part 3 Archetype as a Symbol and Image 125 Hamlet and Iskandar:1 The Breakdown of the Persona Archetype as a Condition for Identity Formation Gorkhmaz Guliyev (Azerbaijan) The well known and later vulgarised Shakespearian expression “all the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players” was revitalised by the analytic psychology of Carl Gustav Jung. The phrase could be interpreted in the light of the collective unconscious, and thus enrich and determine the principle of role- making in individual relationships. The framework of the collective unconscious establishes that the person is an actor as well as a spectator in the play called life, an actor directed by a community. The role of a human being is determined as soon as he is born, and the public defines the moral taboos by which he is com- pelled to play and is judged. The analysis of the theatrical metaphor based on principles of the analytic psychology of C. Jung shows that the Persona archetype, which serves the direc- tor, aka “society”, as the tool of control and submission, has a special place in the arsenal of the collective unconscious, which works as a guardian of the unity of a community. According to the Swiss psychologist, the etymology of the Persona is further evidence which demonstrates its primary meaning as a role. The word “Persona” came via Latin to European languages, and has an Etruscan origin meaning “a theatre mask”. However it was subjected to semantic transformation which...
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