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Archetypes in Literatures and Cultures

Cultural and Regional Studies- In Collaboration with Sevinj Bakhysh and Izabella Horvath

Edited By Rahilya Geybullayeva

The formation of new countries after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Eastern European block necessarily brings about an increased awareness of national identity and has given rise to more urgent attempts to define national literary and cultural facts. Among the facts to be determined are the circulation of similar cultural motifs, situations, symbols, plots, genres, words, and rituals. Such a situation gives rise to questions concerning the relationship between things that were constructed over centuries and relatively new archetypal plots and situations created by different authors, developed in different periods and in national literatures. For example, how does translation influence the migration of plots? Does the blurring of borders between sources and re-interpretations make it difficult to distinguish the original and the «kidnapped» texts? The forms of archetypes have changed and continue to change, creating a hyper-text. Taking these things into consideration, the question arises: «Where are the borders between an original text, influences, and plagiarism?»


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Part 7: Archetypical images as a wayof constructing identity


Part 7 Archetypical images as a way of constructing identity 279 The Archetype of Construction Sacrifice in the Formation of a City’s Identity: from a “City-Factory” towards a “City of Consumer Goods Exhibition” Igor Yankov, Larisa Piskunova (Russia) The paper investigates the mechanism of transition from the soviet to the post- soviet life experience through visual images of a city’s space. We find it interes- ting to observe this problem via a prism of anthropological approach by using the mythologem of a “construction” sacrifice. Social reality is revealed both on the verbal and visual levels. The specificity of a visual representation is based on its ability to show society from a more objectivised view, more observant and uninterested imagination. City streets, movements, posters, buildings and show programs can inform us more about unspoken social relations. In other contexts visual images can be used as a proof or negation of theoretical generalizations. Certainly, the objectivity of visual evidence can be recognized only in the frame of methodologically correct con- structions. From an anthropological point of view, sacrifice is the central element of mytho- ritual methods of world structure. Scrifice plays a constitutive role in the process of cosmogenesis. The body of a primary sacrifice is a building material for the creation of the Cosmos. Sacrifice is a special “way” of relation with a mystery, a manner of structuring social relations and as it was shown by R. Girard (Girard 2000), a method of channelling violence. Sacrifice incorporates into itself violence and...

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