Chapter V: Nationalism in European integration discourse
Chapter V Nationalism in European integration discourse European integration has already been perceived as a success despite all the setbacks we have experienced during the sixty years of history of the European communities, and despite the monetary and financial crisis which hit EU in the second decade of this century. In fact one could argue that the process which ended with the foundation of the European Union is one of the very few exam- ples of implementation of a project which at its beginnings could be correctly called a utopian idea. But developing a utopian idea further can appear more difficult than its suc- cessful practical initiation. It is quite clear that between the construction of the vision of a united Europe and creation of a working society of “Europeans” there are a number of issues which cannot be solved simply by political deci- sions. European integration implies radical changes in the basics of the symbolic universes that all the ethnic groups involved have been building and maintaining for centuries. Therefore the future of European integration does not only depend on solutions in the areas of politics and economics. In fact one may say that the final outcome of the whole process will be decided in the sphere of human minds and in the realm of the symbols which are responsible for an autonomous and powerful world; the socially constructed symbolic world of group existence and co-existence; the world of sameness and distinctiveness, closeness and detachment. The traditions of the...
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