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The Emergence of Developmental States from a New Institutionalist Perspective

A Comparative Analysis of East Asia and Central Asia

Series:

Manuel Stark

This book addresses the relevance of institutional arrangements in East Asian developmental states for the Central Asian countries. It is argued that the Central Asian transition countries share crucial similarities with the economies of East Asia. By a detailed analysis of historical developments in Northeast and Southeast Asia, a coherent and comprehensive model of the developmental state on the basis of the New Institutional Economics is developed in this book. This model is applied to Central Asia by a comparative study on the basis of semi-structured interviews that were carried out in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Both Central Asian countries show notable similarities but also crucial differences to the East Asian developmental states.

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Figure 1: Hierarchy of institutions...................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Stylized Northian model of institutional change ................................ 28 Figure 3: Line of argument in Doner et al. (2005) ............................................. 59 Figure 4: Typology of states according to Johnson (1982) ................................ 68 Figure 5: Typology of emerging and developing economies............................. 69 Figure 6: Per Capita GDP of selected countries 1850........................................ 81 Figure 7: GDP per capita of selected countries 1900......................................... 87 Figure 8: Inflation rates of Singapore and South Korea 1960–2010 [%]......... 144 Figure 9: Stylized model of a developmental state .......................................... 188 Figure 10: Population of the Central Asian countries at independence and today [in millions]............................................................................. 198 Figure 11: GDP of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, 1990–2010 [constant 2000 US$].......................................................................... 211 Figure 12: Government effectiveness in Kazakhstan as measured by World Governance Indicators ...................................................................... 222 Figure 13: Government effectiveness in Uzbekistan as measured by World Governance Indicators ...................................................................... 233

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