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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Rudolf MUHR: The pluricentricity of German today - struggling with asymmetry

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 55-66. Rudolf MUHR (Universität Graz, Austria) rudolf.muhr@uni-graz.at The pluricentricity of German today - struggling with asymmetry Abstract The paper examines the present state of the pluricentricity of German which was first introduced into linguistics by M. Clyne in 1984 and has been a matter of debate ever since. A short overview of the reception of this concept in linguistics and in society as a whole is given and an out- line of important linguistic resources and the language situation in the different German-speaking countries is presented. Finally, controversies and an overview of the further development of German as a major Euro- pean and international language are discussed. 1. The reception of the concept of the pluricentricity of German in German linguistics – A short history German is the official language of several countries and is therefore to be considered as pluricentric (Clyne, 1992). While the pluricentricity of English was al- ready acknowledged by linguists and lexicographers in the 1960s, the pluricentricity of German only gained general acceptance after Michael Clyne's ground-breaking volume "Language and society in the German speaking countries" in 1984. There was considerable resistance on the part of German linguists and publishing houses against accepting this concept...

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