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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Munirah ALAJLAN: A new variety of Arabic in computer mediated communication: Romanized Arabic

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 145-156. Munirah ALAJLAN (Kuweit University, Kuweit) munirah.alajlan@hotmail.com A new variety of Arabic in computer mediated communication: Romanized Arabic Abstract Arabic is a Semitic language which is spoken in 22 countries with 250-300 million native speakers and divided into three levels; classical, modern, and colloquial. In addition, a new written variety has been developed and used by Arab Internet users. This variety consists of Roman characters and Arabic numbers. The 'odd language' which (Haggan, 2007) referred to is dominating Arabic blogs, Social Media such like twitter, Facebook, and MySpace, and even advertisements and commercials use this variety. The data has been collected by observing the most popular Social Media, and examples of this variety from Gulf countries, Levant, and Egypt have been collected and analysed in this paper. Reasons behind using this variety are discussed and displayed in charts using both quantitative and qualitative methods. To do so, a questionnaire has been distributed to Arab Internet users asking them about their use of this odd variety. Results of the questionnaire showed that reasons for using this variety are more likely to be related to sociological and psychological issues. 1. Introduction To date, relatively few studies have looked at non-western societies,...

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