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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Raúl SÁNCHEZ PRIETO: Politics shaping linguistic standards: The case of Dutch in Flanders and Bulgaro-Macedonian in the Republic of Macedonia

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de len- guas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 227-244. Raúl SÁNCHEZ PRIETO (Universidad de Salamanca, Spain) raulsanchez@usal.es Politics shaping linguistic standards: The case of Dutch in Flanders and Bulgaro-Macedonian in the Republic of Macedonia Abstract The standardization of dialect continuums is still an important issue in some parts of Europe. In this contribution two radically different ap- proaches to the standardization of very closely related varieties will be pre- sented: Dutch Dutch and Belgian Dutch on the one hand and Modern Bul- garian and Bulgaro-Macedonian on the other hand. The Flemish speaking community embraced the “spelling- en schrijftaaleinheid” with the Nether- lands (Witte/Van Velthofen 2010) and opted for a non-dominant variety whithin what was later called “Algemeen Beschaafd Nederlands” (nowa- days “Standaardnederlands”). The ethnically Bulgaro-Slav population of the Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia sought to establish a distinct language standard than the Bulgarian “Bălgarski knižoven ezik” by language plan- ning, so that we now have two different standard languages (Konevski 1976) or two different norms of the Bulgarian language (BAN 1978, Petrov 1985) depending on the national academic truth of the two implicated states. 1. Introduction It is commonly accepted in the study field of sociolinguistics that politics and linguistics are so much...

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