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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Maria Eugênia L. DUARTE, Christina Abreu GOMES and Maria da Conceição PAIVA: Patterns of variation in non-dominant varieties of Brazilian Portuguese

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de len- guas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 331-342. Maria Eugênia L. DUARTE, Christina Abreu GOMES and Maria da Conceição PAIVA (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil) eugenia@brazilmail.com / christina.gomes@pq.cnpq.brp / aiva@club-internet.fr Patterns of variation in non-dominant varieties of Brazilian Portuguese Abstract Even though concepts of more prestigious versus popular varieties charac- terize a number of approaches to language, the boundaries within which they are confined are not defined through objective criteria. As a conse- quence, some variable phenomena are attributed to popular varieties, without a more rigorous analysis of their extension in the speech commu- nity. This paper assumes the hypothesis that the patterns of variation ob- served in non-dominant varieties exist along a continuum which involves both the social value of linguistic variants and the level of the speaker`s consciousness. Three variable phenomena in Brazilian Portuguese (BP) are analysed: the rhotacism in complex onsets (consonantal clusters), Verb- Subject agreement and the realization of the anaphoric accusative. The two first phenomena are associated with different degrees of social stigma and the third operates below the level of consciousness. The variationist analy- ses of the three processes in the speech of Rio de Janeiro make it possible to identify different distributions...

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