Edited By Andrew Bonnell and Rebecca Vonhoff
Amalie Dietrich (1821 – 1891) and Queensland. Birgit Scheps
Amalie Dietrich (1821 – 1891) and Queensland Birgit Scheps Amalie Dietrich, the naturalist from Siebenlehn in Saxony, is today regarded as a significant German researcher on Australia. From 1863 to 1872 she travelled the Eastern coast of Queensland in order to collect natural science specimens and ethnographic objects for the famous Godeffroy Museum in Hamburg. She spent the period from 1863 to 1865 in Moreton Bay (Brisbane), about three months in 1865 in Gladstone, and from 1866 to June 1867 in Rockhampton. From July 1867 she was in Port Mackay, and from 1868 to 1869 in the region around Lake Elphinstone. For nine months in 1869 she was again in Port Mac- kay and from 1870 to her departure in 1872 in Bowen. Her collections are valu- able sources for historical and natural science research. In the years of her so- journ in Australia Amalie Dietrich gathered together the largest collection of zoological and botanical material that was ever created by a single individual undertaking research in the field. For example, she collected more than 20,000 botanical specimens, including more than 200 new species.1 She created the first comprehensive collection of Australian spiders (arachnida).2 She collected 266 species of birds, of which at least fifty-four were new species.3 A wood collec- tion with fifty specimens of different varieties received a gold medal at the Paris World Exhibition in 1867. In the same year the Entomological Society of Stettin elected Amalie Dietrich to the position of full member in recognition...
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