Independence and Autonomy of "Ad Hoc International</I> Criminal Tribunals
Part I The ICTY’s Role in Serbia’sand Croatia’s EU Accession – an Agent or a Principal of Europeanisation?
Part I The ICTY’s Role in Serbia’s and Croatia’s EU Accession – an Agent or a Principal of Europeanisation? Introduction There were only a few days left in 2009 when Serbia decided to make a historic move. On December 22, President Boris Tadi officially handed in his country’s application for European Union (EU) membership in Stockholm, Sweden.13 Hailed as a “new beginning”14 and as “a crossroads”15, this move carried huge significance, as it signalled Serbia’s official intention to join the ever-growing EU club and forget, once and for all, the international isolation it was subject to in the past. Six years before, Serbia’s neighbouring country and former enemy, Croatia, had also achieved the same benchmark when it applied for membership. Despite being regarded as one of the region’s frontrunners in negotiations with the EU, Zagreb’s path towards the EU has not been free of hurdles and postponements. Nevertheless, it was given the go-ahead by the European Commission in 2011, signed the Treaty of Accession in December 2011 and then, in January 2012, voted in a referendum to join the group of nations. If everything goes according to plan, the country on the Adriatic will be able to proudly boast about its EU membership status in 2013.16 Both in Serbia’s case and in Croatia’s situation, one key fact stands out: as the signatories of the Thessaloniki Summit in June 2003 emphatically asserted, “the future of the Balkans is within the European Union.”17 What is most striking about this statement...
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