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Languages at War: External Language Spread Policies in Lusophone Africa

Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau at the Turn of the 21 st Century


Carla Figueira

This study explores the argument that postcolonial Africa has been the setting for competing external language spread policies (LSPs) by ex-colonial European countries at the turn of the 21 st Century. It focuses on the external LSPs developed by the governments of Portugal, Brazil, United Kingdom, France and Germany towards Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau from the 1990s to the present. The study offers a perspective on the web of relationships involving European ex-colonial powers and the African postcolonial countries of Guinea-Bissau and Mozambique. The author seeks to examine the development of external (European) LSPs and the construction of politico-linguistic blocs in a complex context whilst taking into account the colonial heritage and its lingering dependencies, the construction and maintenance of nationhood and the increasing globalisation of the world.


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Design: © Olaf Gloeckler, Atelier Platen, Friedberg Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Figueira, Carla, 1968- Languages at war : external language spread policies in Lusophone Africa : Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau at the turn of the 21st century / Carla Figueira. pages cm. — (Duisburg papers on research in language and culture ; Bd. 97) Originally presented as the author’s thesis (doctoral)—City University, Lon- don, 2010, under the title: Languages at war in Lusophone Africa. ISBN 978-3-631-64436-2 1. Language policy—Mozambique. 2. Language policy—Guinea-Bissau. 3. Portuguese language—Political aspects—Mozambique. 4. Portuguese lan- guage—Political aspects—Guinea-Bissau. 5. Language spread—Government policy—Mozambique. 6. Language spread—Government policy—Guinea- Bissau. 7. Language and international relations—Africa, Portuguese- speaking. I. Title. II. Series: Duisburger Arbeiten zur Sprach- und Kulturwis- senschaft ; Bd. 97. P119.32.M85L36 2013 306.4496657—dc23 2013011816ISSN 0934-3709 ISBN 978-3-631-64436-2 © Peter Lang GmbH Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften Frankfurt am Main 2013 All rights reserved. Peter Lang Edition is an Imprint of Peter Lang GmbH Peter Lang – Frankfurt am Main · Bern · Bruxelles · New York · Oxford · Warszawa · Wien All parts of this publication are protected by copyright. Any utilisation outside the strict limits of the copyright law, without the permission of the publisher, is forbidden and liable to prosecution. This applies in particular to reproductions, translations, microfilming, and storage and processing in electronic retrieval systems.

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