Views on the Relations between Research, Practice and Politics in the Sector of VET- Festschrift for Anja Heikkinen- Edited by Philipp Gonon, Lorenz Lassnigg and Manfred Wahle
On gender, work, vocationalism and VET - Liv Mjelde and Manfred Wahle
133 On gender, work, vocationalism and VET Liv Mjelde and Manfred Wahle The personal is political (Liv Mjelde) The question of gender has been an underlying concern in all VET & Culture conferences, but two of the conferences have directly addressed the subject as it pertains to vocational education. The first one took place in Tampere in May 1996 where the theme was the gendered history of vocational education. Its pri- mary aim was to discuss themes and methods for developing gendered historical research on vocational education in a European perspective.1 What did we know about women’s life and work situations in the different European countries at different points in history? What about the ideology of housewifery and women in different eras? The historian Ruth Watts was concerned about making women visible in the history of education. Christine Mayer had done her research on vocational education in Germany in a historical and gender-oriented perspective. Lea Henriksson looked upon women’s involvement in the creation of the Finn- ish welfare state. Leena Kuusisto and Maija Vesala discussed female teachers as vocational educators in Finland. Anja Heikkinen looked into gendered occupa- tional ideals in Finnish vocational education. I presented my research on the ad- vent of domestic science and housewife ideology in Norwegian education. We followed this up in a conference in Zurich years later.2 This focus on women and vocations has been one of the most fascinating features of the Net- work for me. One of the slogan’s of the women’s movement was...
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