Crusading at the Time of the Hungarian Royal Elections of 1490. Between Matthias Corvinus’ Succession and John Albert’s Moldavian Campaign. Alexandru Simon (Cluj-Napoca)
Crusading at the Time of the Hungarian Royal Elections of 1490 Between Matthias Corvinus’ Succession and John Albert’s Moldavian Campaign Alexandru Simon (Cluj-Napoca) Mathias Corvinus’ death (6 April 1490) marked the end of Hunyadis as a Eu- ropean power (1443–1490). The attempts to regain this lost position of power, made later by the king’s illegitimate son John, could not reverse the situation because the Hunyadis were viewed as an abnormality. Matthias’ death was regarded as a return to dynastic normality. Still, a Jagiellonian- Habsburg war was unavoidable. Both dynasties (allies in general against the imposter king) had wanted the Holy Crown of Hungary since the late 14th century. The Hunyadis had complicated the rivalry between the Jagiellonians and Habsburgs. The treaty of Bratislava (7 November 1491) was a bitter victo- ry for the Jagiellonians. Bratislava very much resembled the treaty of Wiener Neustadt (1463), with Vladislav in the place of his late ‘co-king’ of Bohemia, Matthias. The treaty of Bratislava was concluded between Emperor Freder- ick III and his son Maximilian I, King of the Romans, on one side, and Vladislav on the other (the head of his house and his father Casimir IV acknowledged the treaty but was not a signatory). The Habsburgs accepted Vladislav as (acting) King of Hungary, while retaining their, also de iure, title of King(s) of Hungary. Vladislav II had married twice, apparently without se- curing a divorce, and had thus far failed to produce any offspring. In the event that Vladislav II...
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