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Ashkenazim and Sephardim: A European Perspective


Edited By Andrzej Katny, Izabela Olszewska and Aleksandra Twardowska

This volume is devoted to selected aspects of the culture and language of the two largest Jewish Diaspora groups, Sephardim and Ashkenazim. The authors analyze the latest European research tendencies related to both Jewish factions. Questions concern the historical, social and cultural contact with non-Jewish environment, the problems of Jewish identity, the condition of languages in both groups (Yiddish, Judeo-Spanish, Hakitía), and Jewish anthroponymy. The reflections concern various areas of contemporary Germany, Poland, Russia, the Balkan countries, Italy, the countries of North Africa inhabited by both Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jews. For the analyses, not only documents, manuscripts, press articles, and literary texts serve as a basis but also the artifacts of material culture.


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Milica Jakóbiec-Semkowowa: Sarajevo’s Sephardim and Ashkenazimin a Literary Mirror of Their Own and Foreign Authors


Sarajevo’s Sephardim and Ashkenazim in a Literary Mirror of Their Own and Foreign Authors Milica Jakóbiec-Semkowowa University of Wrocław Abstract – A comparison between Sarajevo’s Sephardim and Ashkenazim from Austrian times can be found in an essay by Laura Papo Bohoreta entitled Sefardska žena u Bosni [The Sephardic Woman in Bosnia] (1932). The complex mutual relationship is also reflected in novels such as Balada o Bohoreti [The Ballad about Bohoreta] (2006) by Gordana Kuić and People of the Book by Geraldine Brooks (2008). The first Polish description of Sephardi’s cultural separateness seen in 1890’s Sarajevo appeared in an extensive account from Bosnia by a priest-travelers Marcin Czermiński and Julian Antoni Łukaszewicz and later by Jan Ma- giera, Halina Siennicka and Stanisław Rospond. Keywords: Sephardim, Ashkenazim, Bosnia, Assimilation, Woman, Accounts from Travels A new geopolitical order emerging in Bosnia and Herzegovina after the Treaty of Berlin (1878) heralded revolutionary changes to the residents of the region (Felczak / Wasilewski 1985: 367, 376-377). The Austrian rule, referred to as oc- cupation by the natives, had all the features of economic exploitation, but none- theless it brought rapid modernization to the economically backward country and a break from the long-time cultural domination of Turkey. One of the key reforms was aimed at changing the education system, since in the Ottoman Em- pire the responsibility for education rested with religious organizations of all four major religions: Orthodox, Catholic, Muslim and Jewish. The reform led to the establishment of secular schools, which...

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