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Apocalypse on the net

Extreme Threat and the Majority-Minority Relationship on the Romanian Internet

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Adela Fofiu

The apocalypse can bring upon the world either termination, either change. By exploring how emotions, ethnic or national belonging and digital technologies work together in constructing an apocalypticizing national self, this book offers a complex analysis of far rightist apocalyptic narratives. Content analysis performed on the blog of the New Right, a far rightist organization from Romania, unveils a fascinating imaginary of fear and hate toward otherness, of strong beliefs that the world, our world, is ending through its transformation into something else – something that we know and, at the same time, do not know and loath. The social psychology of emotions, belonging and identity, the sociology of globalization and studies on cyberhate are intertwined into the exploration and interpretation of on-line apocalyptic narratives that imagine the Gypsification and Hungarization of Romania and the Islamization of Europe as irreversible change.

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Chapter 2: Cyberhate and Romania's national history

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47 Chapter 2 Cyberhate and Romania's national history The far right and Romania Yinger's understanding of ethnicity, I argue, lies at the core of inter-ethnic relations in Eastern Europe: 'a segment of a larger society whose members are thought, by themselves and/or others, to have a common origin and to share important segments of a common culture and who, in addition, participate in shared activities in which the common origin and culture are significant ingredients.' (Yinger, 1976, in Yinger, 1985) If cultural and political boundaries should coincide in the modern world (Brubaker et al., 2006), the Balkans proved a particular challenge to politicians and peoples in defining their cultures and politics. Sfikas acknowledges the underestimated importance of the Balkans in the global politics, by asserting that this region had a great 'impact on the diplomacy of Europe’s great powers' and it makes a valuable 'case study of the force of nationalism at work' (Sfikas, 1999). The Balkans have always been an object of dispute between the great political powers, and this dispute has transformed the area into a market for the western industry and a resource for the western production. An informed view over the Balkans would suggest that western states have an interest in condemning identity struggles in the Balkan area (Bhikhu Parekh, in Sfikas, 1999). As a result, Balkan nationalisms – the expression of desire for national identity or the process of reinforcing a national identity, upset the prevailing balance of power (Bhikhu Parekh, in Sfikas, 1999) and is...

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