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Concepts of a Culturally Guided Philosophy of Science

Contributions from Philosophy, Medicine and Science of Psychotherapy

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Edited By Fengli Lan, Friedrich G. Wallner and Andreas Schulz

From the beginning, Constructive Realism has been a culturally orientated philosophy of science by the introduction of the concept of lifeworld. This book brings together contributions from the field of philosophy, Chinese medicine and the science of psychotherapy. The authors discuss the relation of Constructive Realism and culture or rather the concept of science under the aspect of cultural dependency. Since the beginning of the new century the manifold research on Chinese Medicine offered concrete examples for a cultural dependency of science. Thereby, the book shows the rare or even unique situation that philosophy became concrete.

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Fengli Lan & Friedrich G. Wallner: Etymology-based Understanding of the Concept of Disease in Chinese Culture: “Lack of Ease” and Pictorial Thinking

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22 py, peaceful in the nature”, indicating a state of free smooth flow of qi and blood in the vessels, which might be achieved in the remote antiquity by musical and medicinal treatments. Hence, we would like to say that the state of being healthy in Chinese culture is dynamic harmonious functioning of all the component parts of a being (composed of body and mind) with the nature, just like the play- ing of a piece of mild, smooth symphony in the nature, which accords with the etymologies of some sinograms mentioned in the paper very well. Chief References [1] Gu Yankui. Dictionary of Etymologies of Chinese Characters [Z]. Beijing: Yu Wen Press, 2008; 2010. [2] Guo Aichun. Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen with Collations, Annotations and Modern Chinese Interpretation [M]. Tianjin: Tianjin Science and Tech- nology Press, 1st ed. 1981; 2nd ed. 1999. [3] Lan Fengli. Culture, Philosophy, and Chinese Medicine: Viennese Lectures [M]. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2012. [4] Oxford Dictionary of English, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2005. [5] Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language, New Revised Edition, 1994. [6] Wu Guanghua. The Chinese-English Dictionary. 3rd Edition. Shanghai: Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 2010. 23 Fengli Lan & Friedrich G. Wallner Etymology-based Understanding of the Concept of Disease in Chinese Culture: “Lack of Ease” and Pictorial Thinking Abstract Based on investigation of etymologies of some sinograms - “Chuang �”, “Ji � ”, and “Bing �”, and of the words “disease” and “disorder”, we conclude that Western...

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