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Concepts of a Culturally Guided Philosophy of Science

Contributions from Philosophy, Medicine and Science of Psychotherapy

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Edited By Fengli Lan, Friedrich G. Wallner and Andreas Schulz

From the beginning, Constructive Realism has been a culturally orientated philosophy of science by the introduction of the concept of lifeworld. This book brings together contributions from the field of philosophy, Chinese medicine and the science of psychotherapy. The authors discuss the relation of Constructive Realism and culture or rather the concept of science under the aspect of cultural dependency. Since the beginning of the new century the manifold research on Chinese Medicine offered concrete examples for a cultural dependency of science. Thereby, the book shows the rare or even unique situation that philosophy became concrete.

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Fengli Lan & Friedrich G. Wallner: The Origin of Bian Zheng or Pattern Identification in Chinese Medicine: Dialectics since 1955

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37 Fengli Lan & Friedrich G. Wallner The Origin of Bian Zheng or Pattern Identification in Chinese Medicine: Dialectics since 1955 Abstract The paper first makes the linguistic and conceptual analysis of “Zheng 孩��/ ��” and “Bian Zheng �孩” respectively by investigating the etymologies of such sinograms as “Zheng 孩��/��, “Zheng �/�”, “Zheng �/孩”, as well as “Zheng �” and “Shi �”. In this context a critical review of Zhang Zhongjing’s works is helpful: he developed treatment determined based on dis- ease diagnosis and tailored according to accompanied symptoms as the guideline for clinical practice. Ren Yingqiu invented the concept “Zheng 孩” and the prin- ciple “Bian Zheng Lun Zhi �孩孢㱣” by distorting Zhang Zhongjing’s academ- ic ideas, which came out from the political influences – Mao Zedong Thought and directly from dialects in dialectical materialism. This conceptual enlarge- ment of “Bian Zheng �孩” came out for the purpose of emphasizing the differ- ences between Chinese medicine and Western medicine: Chinese medicine re- lieves diseases from their origins while Western medicine relieves just symp- toms. It is well-known that individualized treatment in Chinese medicine is based on Bian Zheng or Pattern Identification, which is known as Bian Zheng Lun Zhi in academic words. Besides of Zheng Ti Guan Nian ��奪⾝ or holist conception, Bian Zheng Lun Zhi �孩孢㱣 or Pattern Identification and Treatment has been regarded as the other basic characteristics of Chinese medicine for quite some time. Today, the scholars, practitioners and students in the circle of Chinese medicine have been informed by the textbooks that Zhang Zhongjing ⻈ẚ㘗 (150-219) developed...

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