Comprehensive Approaches to an Ambiguous Subject – Festschrift for Otmar Höll
Edited By Alexander Klimburg and Jan Pospisil
Otmar Höll. Heinz Gärtner
Otmar Höll Heinz Gärtner The name Otmar Höll has been linked to the Austrian Institute for International Affairs (oiip) since its foundation. The institute’s first academic activity was based on a project that Otmar Höll and Helmut Kramer transferred from the In- stitute for Advanced Studies to the oiip in 1978. The project was about “Austria in the International System”. Including scholars from Latin America (who hap- pened to be Chilean emigrants), the project group at the oiip developed in an academically innovative way. On the one hand, it applied the rather new small states theory to Austria; on the other hand, it used the concept of dependence which was derived from the dependency theory. The topic of the project was an early recognition that the process of interdependence and the emergence of globalization had an influence on every single part of the world. The outcome of the study was evidence that the degree to which globalization impacts on an economy and on a society depends on the policy of each single state. The project combined Otmar Höll’s interests with his skills, which comprise development policy and theory, Austrian foreign policy and the analysis of small states’ behaviour. This combination also reflected the new approach of the pro- ject. Linking small states research to dependency was unexpected for the inter- national academic audience. Even the founder of the oiip, chancellor Bruno Kreisky, was critical about the term “small states” and adapted it to “smaller states...
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