Chapter 5: Emphatic SELF pronouns in Early Modern English
Chapter 5 Emphatic SELF pronouns in Early Modern English 5.1 Introduction In this chapter we will study the behaviour of those SELF pronouns whose primary function is emphasis. The SELF pronoun in its emphatic use signals the contextual importance of the NP it refers to. This does not exclude the possibility of bound SELF pronouns functioning both as reflexivity markers and emphatics, as the two uses sometimes overlap, as we have seen in Chapter 4. We will limit the scope of the present chapter to the discussion of emphatic uses of SELF pronouns in locally free positions. In this chapter, the term ‘emphatic pronouns’ will be understood as referring to those SELF pronouns which do not reflexive-mark the predicate in the sense of Reinhart and Reuland (1993), i.e. SELF pronouns in non-argument positions. That is to say, we will consider only those SELF pronouns which do not appear in bound contexts as defined in Chapter 4, section 4.2. Consequently, we assume, following Zribi-Hertz (1989), Reinhart and Reuland (1991, 1993), Pollard and Sag (1994), Reuland (2001) and Everaert (2005), that emphatic SELF pronouns are not subject to syntactic binding and lie outside the scope of the Binding Theory. The use of these pronouns is licensed by discursive factors, among which the main one seems to be prominence (Baker 1995). SELF pronouns are applied when a prominent element needs to be emphasized. Prominence may have two sources, a discourse external source, and a discourse internal source, which in turn can be related...
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