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Self-based Anaphora in Early Modern English


Ewa Kucelman

This book is a corpus-based study which aims to describe the class of self-pronouns as used in the Early Modern English period. Self-pronouns are presented as a multi-functional class, with two main functions, as emphatic forms and as reflexive markers. The emphatic function is seen as a continuation of an earlier state of affairs, whereas the reflexive function is described as a new, emerging one. As reflexive markers, self-pronouns in Early Modern English compete with personal pronouns. Therefore the book seeks to present the conditions of their distribution ranging from configurational and thematic through discursive to pragmatic factors involved in the choice of the reflexive strategy.


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Chapter 5: Emphatic SELF pronouns in Early Modern English


Chapter 5 Emphatic SELF pronouns in Early Modern English 5.1 Introduction In this chapter we will study the behaviour of those SELF pronouns whose primary function is emphasis. The SELF pronoun in its emphatic use signals the contextual importance of the NP it refers to. This does not exclude the possibility of bound SELF pronouns functioning both as reflexivity markers and emphatics, as the two uses sometimes overlap, as we have seen in Chapter 4. We will limit the scope of the present chapter to the discussion of emphatic uses of SELF pronouns in locally free positions. In this chapter, the term ‘emphatic pronouns’ will be understood as referring to those SELF pronouns which do not reflexive-mark the predicate in the sense of Reinhart and Reuland (1993), i.e. SELF pronouns in non-argument positions. That is to say, we will consider only those SELF pronouns which do not appear in bound contexts as defined in Chapter 4, section 4.2. Consequently, we assume, following Zribi-Hertz (1989), Reinhart and Reuland (1991, 1993), Pollard and Sag (1994), Reuland (2001) and Everaert (2005), that emphatic SELF pronouns are not subject to syntactic binding and lie outside the scope of the Binding Theory. The use of these pronouns is licensed by discursive factors, among which the main one seems to be prominence (Baker 1995). SELF pronouns are applied when a prominent element needs to be emphasized. Prominence may have two sources, a discourse external source, and a discourse internal source, which in turn can be related...

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