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Non-Western Reflection on Politics

Edited By Petr Drulák and Sárka Moravcová

Recent rise of the non-Western parts of the world makes the need for a genuine global dialogue more urgent than ever before. To take an effective part in it, the West needs to face a conceptual challenge. The Western understanding of the political world is based on such deeply ingrained concepts as power, politics, statecraft, cooperation, multilateralism, dependence, identity or human rights. The Westerners tend to wrongly assume that everyone else is bound to share these concepts. This book shows that the reality is different. Investigating African, Asian, Islamic and Latin American political thinking, the book introduces non-Western concepts of politics as well as non-Western readings of seemingly familiar Western concepts. By doing this, it points to the obstacles to the global dialogue as well as to opportunities which may be exploited.

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Chinese Traditional Culture and East Asian Security Cooperation - Wang Fan

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Chinese Traditional Culture and East Asian Security Cooperation Wang Fan China is the only one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Se- curity Council from the East. It is also one of the ancient countries (or civilisa- tions) that were relatively recently renewed with vitality and vigor in the mod- ern international system. China has a unique history and has existed for thou- sands of years – long before many modern civilisations came into being. There- fore, instead of blindly following other countries, China consistently goes its own way in its relationships with other countries (and in its development in the context of these relations) in accordance with its own cultural tradition. In the process of its diplomatic practices and explorations, Chinese traditional culture plays an important role. Meanwhile, China also attaches great importance to its influence and believes that advanced ideas are essential to resolving conflicts and keeping peace. Western ideas have been dominant in the field of international relations since the 20th century and are based on power politics, which naturally breeds the logic of hegemony. Although there are theories like neo-liberalism, which focuses on institutional cooperation, and constructivism, which focuses on val- ue identification, they are products of the western worldview, so they cannot rid themselves of western ideas in their philosophical foundations and meth- odologies (Morgenthau, 2005; Mearsheimer, 2003; Pfeffer, 1993). Western theories include advanced and reasonable ideas but also limited ones, such as the evolutionary logic of the survival of the fittest by...

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