Edited By Petr Drulák and Sárka Moravcová
Conclusion: Between Traditionalism and Westernisation - Šárka Moravcová
Conclusion: Between Traditionalism and Westernisation Šárka Moravcová In the past two decades, both cultural diversity and inter-cultural dialogue have been stressed as fundamental characteristics of the post-bipolar world. The challenging existence of diverse cultures among or within particular civilisations is not really a matter of dispute. The controversy consists in questions related to reconciliation. Is it actually possible? And more importantly, is it really desir- able? What would be the starting point? In what spheres would the dialogue take place? Finally, isn’t the quest for interculturality just another Western concept imposed on “others” in order to dominate them? The debate that started in the early 1990s between conservative neoliberals (following Francis Fukuyama) and cultural relativists (close to Samuel Huntington) was no doubt fruitful for a re-interpretation of the new global order. However, neither of the two perspectives captured the major issue in the contemporary world politics: the ongoing processes of globalisation, integration and transnationalism are trying to interconnect different actors and structures, but they fail to strength- en the mutual understanding and acceptance of diversity. In other words, the gap between growing politico-economic interdependence and socio-cultural comprehension, let alone sympathy, is deepening. In his famous article, Huntington concludes that the clash of civilisations might be overcome through long-term reconciliation efforts and by cultivating tolerance. The influence of his thought exceeds academic debates as there have been practical political efforts to bridge the differences across states. For instance, the Council of Europe adopted in May 2008 the White Paper on Inter-...
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