A Cognitive Approach
Section III: Religious Dialogue in Nigeria
119 Chapter Five Foundations of Religious Dialogue in Christianity and Islam 5.1 Shared Beliefs One does not need to look far to see how Christianity and Islam share common traits. First, Christianity and Islam proclaim belief in a one supreme God, creator of the universe. In this, the two religions share the same trait of monotheism.1 The apostolic declaration on the relation of the Catholic Church to non-Christian religions, Nostra Aetate, makes the following remarks about Islam: “The Church regards with esteem also the Moslems. They adore the one God, living and subsisting in Himself, merciful and all-powerful, the Creator of heaven and earth, who has spoken to men; they take pains to submit wholeheartedly to even His inscrutable decrees, just as Abraham, with whom the faith of Islam takes great pleasure in linking itself, submitted to God. Though they do not acknowledge Jesus as God, they revere Him as a prophet. They also honor Mary, His virgin mother; at times they even call on her with devotion. In addition, they await the Day of Judgment when God will render their deserts to all those who have been raised up from the dead. Finally, they value the moral life and worship God especially through prayer, almsgiving and fasting.”2 This submission shows the esteem state the Catholic Church perceives Islam. It also shows the elements that link the two religions. Not only do Christianity and Islam share the same monotheistic view of the divine, they also agree on a num-...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.