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Institutional and Livelihood Changes in East African Forest Landscapes

Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia

Edited By Franz Gatzweiler

This book presents research articles and essays which analyze the consequences of decentralization on forest conditions and livelihoods in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia. Authors from the East African collaborative research centers of the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Research Program demonstrate that the institutional changes resulting from decentralization create costs for those who need to re-institutionalize and re-organize the management of forest and land resources. This requires investment into information, communication, education and into the re-building of social capital. Cases in which collective action has worked and contributed to improving livelihoods and forest conditions can be exemplary, while failures can be equally useful for learning about East Africa and beyond.

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Foreword: Arun Agrawal

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V Foreword Arun Agrawal The International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Network, with part- ner research organizations in 14 countries and with more than 40 affiliated re- searchers, is one of the most successful social-ecological systems research pro- gram in the world. Focused on how and with what outcomes local populations manage their forests and related resources, network members have conducted research with more than 250 forest-dependent communities in sub-Saharan Afri- ca, Latin America, and South and Southeast Asia. This research has led to more than 300 peer-reviewed papers in foremost research journals, the training of nearly 500 young researchers, and multiple policy consultations and changes in different locations. Research by partners in the IFRI network is distinguished by the fact that since its creation in 1992, they have all used a standardized methodology and data collection instruments for fieldwork. The data collected by IFRI researchers is entered into a common database, ensuring comparability of the information collected in different locations. A training program, familiarizing researchers with the terms, concepts, and methods relevant to the IFRI approach ensures that they have a common understanding of what all researchers are doing when in the field, and thereby further improves the validity of information collected by net- work members. The adherence to a common approach is uncommon in work in the social sciences, and especially distinctive in collaborative work by social and ecological scientists. This volume of essays and research articles by IFRI colleagues – Institutional and Livelihood Changes in East African Forest...

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