Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia
Edited By Franz Gatzweiler
Chapter 4 Institutions, Livelihoods and Forest Dynamics: The Case of Ramogi and Mau Forests in Kenya: George M. Okwaro
77 Chapter 4 Institutions, Livelihoods and Forest Dynamics: The Case of Ramogi and Mau Forests in Kenya George M. Okwaro 4.1 Abstract The study investigates the forest condition changes, the spatial patterns of forest dynamics and the roles played by institutions and livelihoods in the forest cover dynamics. Landsat satellite imagery of 1986, 1995 and 2010 were used to create single data classifications and a forest cover change image depicting the se- quence of changes in forest cover between 1986-1995-2010. The spatial relation- ships between observed changes in the forested areas, livelihoods and institu- tional factors are then determined. The results show the rate of forest degradation in Mau forest (transition from close forest to open forest rose dramatically in the 1995-2010 period). It is observed that rampant forest change occurred in areas located close to roads, near villages, at lower elevations, and on gradual slopes. On the other hand, relatively low levels of degradation were recorded in Ramogi forest, which is a semi-government forest (legally a government forest but with de facto control and claim of ownership by the local community and/county council). The findings are further compared with results from an IFRI – SAN- REM based study on the forest adjacent households, association and effects on the forest condition. When compared, the mentioned factors relate very closely and are very similar. 4.2 Introduction Forest destruction and degradation have increased drastically over the last quar- ter of the century. This has been propelled primarily by activities of rural house- holds...
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