Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia
Edited By Franz Gatzweiler
Chapter 8 Local Institutions and their Influence on Forest Resource Management in Southwest Ethiopia: The Case of Yayu Forest: Andnet Deresse, Feyera Senbeta and Tadesse Woldemariam Gole
139 Chapter 8 Local Institutions and their Influence on Forest Resource Management in Southwest Ethiopia: The Case of Yayu Forest Andnet Deresse, Feyera Senbeta and Tadesse Woldemariam Gole 8.1 Abstract This study was conducted to assess the influence of local level institutions in forest resource use and management in Yayu Forest of Illubabor Zone, South- west Ethiopia. The forest was recently recognized as a UNESCO biosphere re- serve site and efforts were made for in-situ conservation of wild Coffea arabica. Data were collected through household interviews, focus group discussions and key informants. An Institutional Analysis Development (IAD) framework was employed for analysing the institutional aspect of forest resource management and use. The study findings revealed the existence of various formal and custo- mary institutions that influence forest management and use in the study area. The formal institutions contribute towards forest resource management in performing collective choice level activities and determining the activities of operational level institutions. On the other hand, the customary institutions such as council of elders, religious institutions, and others are engaged in activities such as forest resource harvesting, marketing, and clearing undergrowth. Customary institu- tions are also used as a platform by government to initiate formal dialogue to create awareness about forest resources use, management and conservation. Moreover, the attributes of the community (educational status, size of the group, dependence on the resource) and the forest (a clear boundary, extractability, excludability) are important factors to the community to use, manage and con- serve the forest resources in...
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