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Institutional and Livelihood Changes in East African Forest Landscapes

Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia

Edited By Franz Gatzweiler

This book presents research articles and essays which analyze the consequences of decentralization on forest conditions and livelihoods in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia. Authors from the East African collaborative research centers of the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Research Program demonstrate that the institutional changes resulting from decentralization create costs for those who need to re-institutionalize and re-organize the management of forest and land resources. This requires investment into information, communication, education and into the re-building of social capital. Cases in which collective action has worked and contributed to improving livelihoods and forest conditions can be exemplary, while failures can be equally useful for learning about East Africa and beyond.


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Chapter 15 Multi-Stakeholder Governance in Land and Forestry in Uganda: Conflict Mitigation,Scale, Knowledge and Collective Action: Joseph B. Bahati, Abwoli Y. Banana and William Gombya-Ssembajjwe


285 Chapter 15 Multi-Stakeholder Governance in Land and Forestry in Uganda: Conflict Mitigation, Scale, Knowledge and Collective Action Joseph B. Bahati, Abwoli Y. Banana and William Gombya-Ssembajjwe 15.1 Abstract Mabira forest is an important watershed for Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga. The forest is under pressure from small scale agriculture and commercial farming of sugarcane and tea. By means of employing IFRI methodology we aim at answer- ing the question whether the multi-stakeholder governance of land and forestry landscapes has led to reduced land use conflicts, improvement in forest condi- tions and livelihoods of local communities. Our results show that as a conse- quence of involving multiple stakeholders in the management of land and forestry resources, forest conditions can improve and corruption can be reduced. For im- plementing a multi stakeholder approach some investments in capacity building need to be made for understanding the changing roles and responsibilities which follow decentralization. 15.2 Introduction Mabira conservation area consists of six central forest reserves – Mabira, Namu- kupa, Nadagi, Kalagala Falls, Namawanyi and Namananga Forest Reserves along the shores of Lake Victoria. These forest patches were gazetted at different times from 1932 (Mabira, Namukupa and Nadagi as CFRs in 1932; Kalagala Falls, Namananga and Namawanyi as local forest reserves in 1932 but transferred to CFRs in 1968) following the abolition of kingdoms and the introduction of a republic constitution. This is an important forest ecosystem in Uganda and a wa- tershed for the Lake Victoria basin and Lake Kyoga in mid-northern Uganda. Mabira...

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