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Phonetics in Europe

Perception and Production

Edited By Charlotte S. Gooskens and Renee van Bezooijen

This volume comprehends articles focussing on phonetic aspects of languages and language varieties spoken in present-day Europe. The standard languages of the largest language families, Germanic, Slavic and Romance, are represented as well as minority languages such as Frisian and Finno-Ugric languages, dialects and regiolects. The methods employed are diverse and often innovative, shedding new lights on phonetics in Europe, both from a perception and production point of view.

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Recency, frequency, and phonotactics: Pretonic schwa reduction in Dutch (Marjoleine Sloos)

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246 Schüppert & Hilton Vanhove, J., Leinonen, T., Van Heuven, V.J. & Gooskens, C. (2010). Slarvig danska? Danmarks sprogmuseum. Accessed via http://sprogmuseet.dk/dansk/slarvig- danska on 18 October 2012. Vaughan, N.E. & Letowski, T. (1997). Effects of age, speech rate, and type of test on temporal auditory processing. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 40(5), 1192–1200. Verhoeven, J., De Pauw, G. & Kloots, H. (2004). Speech Rate in a Pluricentric Lan- guage: A Comparison Between Dutch in Belgium and the Netherlands. Language and Speech, 47(3), 297–308. Yuan, J., Liberman, M. & Cieri, C. (2006). Towards an integrated understanding of speaking rate in conversation. Paper presented at the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (Interspeech 2006), Pittsburgh. Accessed via http://ldc.upenn.edu/myl/llog/icslp06_final.pdf on 18 October 2012. Recency, frequency, and phonotactics: Pretonic schwa reduction in Dutch Marjoleine Sloos Abstract In reduction processes, frequency is known to be an important factor of variation: high-frequency words tend to undergo more reduction than low-frequency words. Similarly, recency, or repetition, also leads to more reduction. Pretonic schwa in Dutch is susceptible to reduction in which frequency as well as recency are likely to play a role. However, it has been claimed that schwa-deletion also depends on Dutch phono- tactics: schwa-deletion would not occur if it results in an ill-formed onset cluster. This paper investigates possible interactions between frequency, recency, and phonotactic structure. The results show that the degree of reduction driven by frequency and re- cency effects interacts with phonotactics. Schwa reduction occurs more often if...

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