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Phonetics in Europe

Perception and Production

Edited By Charlotte S. Gooskens and Renee van Bezooijen

This volume comprehends articles focussing on phonetic aspects of languages and language varieties spoken in present-day Europe. The standard languages of the largest language families, Germanic, Slavic and Romance, are represented as well as minority languages such as Frisian and Finno-Ugric languages, dialects and regiolects. The methods employed are diverse and often innovative, shedding new lights on phonetics in Europe, both from a perception and production point of view.


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Do they speak Warsaw in Kracow: Realization of the phoneme /n/ before /k/ (Nikolina Sokolić)


Do they speak Warsaw in Kracow: Realization of the phoneme /n/ before /k/ Nikolina Sokolić Abstract The standard Polish language allows some phonetic variations to be the indicators of Polish regional language identity. Within that context, the Masovian and Lesser re- gion, with the center in Warsaw and Kracow (therefore often called Warsaw and Kracow region), were described in the linguistic literature as particularly interesting because of their divergent phonetic characteristics that divide Poland in two contrasting regions. Nevertheless, during the 20th century, there were only a few inves- tigations into the position of regionalisms in the contemporary Polish language and during that period the standard variety as spoken in Warsaw became the prestigious Polish urban idiom. Some linguists pointed at the disappearance of some regionalisms, but not urgently enough to initiate investigating the position of regionalisms in the contemporary language. The present paper presents a preliminary investigation into the phonetic realization of the phoneme /n/ before /k/ in Kracow. For this purpose field research was carried out among the inhabitants of Kracow. Kracow pronunciation was analyzed and the results were as anticipated: the typical Kracow pronunciation is slowly changing and adapting to the typical Warsaw characteristics. Two social varia- bles, age and gender, also correlated with the pronunciation change. 1. Introduction The evolution of the standard Polish language has been going on for cen- turies. All three major dialects have been found to exert their influence: the Greater Polish dialect, representing the Poznań and Gniezno region, the Lesser Polish...

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