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«… the ball seemed to keep rolling …»

Linking up Cognitive Systems in Language: Attention and Force Dynamics

Martina Lampert and Günther Lampert

Again firmly rooted in Leonard Talmy’s Cognitive Semantics, this new study moves beyond the analysis of single schematic systems in language contributing to the linguistic task of conceptual integration. It investigates for the first time effects of linking up Force Dynamics, a conceptual category generalizing over the traditional notion of the causative, and the Attention system of language, as detailed in Talmy’s most recent extended draft version. To accommodate the conceptual and formal complexities involved at the interface of Attention, Force Dynamics, and Cognitive State and to allow for an appropriate degree of fine-grainedness the analytical framework affords, the exposition has been constrained to the golf scenario, where forces are at work in the physical and sociodynamic domains.

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PART II: THE ATTENTION SYSTEM AT WORK

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Chapter 5 Attention Effects in Individual Morphemes Domain A, Attentional properties of an individual morpheme, covers seven Subdomains targeting differential aspects of morphemic semantics, namely: symbolic properties of morphemes, formal properties that influence the seman- tics of a morpheme, semantic components of a morpheme, frame properties of a morpheme, a morpheme’s polysemous senses, and field properties of mor- phemes -- all the Subdomains follow the principle from internal (core) seman- tic properties of a morpheme to its most external (associated) ones. Our analy- sis of the selected items will observe this sequence, and as suggestive cases in point we have selected an open-class and a closed-class item. For the attentional analyses of the open-class item in section 5.1, the causa- tive verb putt, which refers to a characteristic if not the prototypical stroke most often associated with golf (for various reasons), will serve as our linguis- tic representation of a force-dynamically specified item: Bound to the physical domain of forceful interactions, putt allows us to remain with the scenario of golf balls rolling along the green(s) and, at the same time, to include ‘partici- pants’ like the players and their (inter-)actions, circumstances of the setting, the golf course and its conditions. For the illustration of a closed-class item (in section 5.2), we will exchange the physical domain for the social, scrutinizing the attention factors of the causative verbal suffix {-ize} at the morpheme level, when it combines with the adjective penal to yield the verb penalize; and sec-...

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