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«… the ball seemed to keep rolling …»

Linking up Cognitive Systems in Language: Attention and Force Dynamics

Martina Lampert and Günther Lampert

Again firmly rooted in Leonard Talmy’s Cognitive Semantics, this new study moves beyond the analysis of single schematic systems in language contributing to the linguistic task of conceptual integration. It investigates for the first time effects of linking up Force Dynamics, a conceptual category generalizing over the traditional notion of the causative, and the Attention system of language, as detailed in Talmy’s most recent extended draft version. To accommodate the conceptual and formal complexities involved at the interface of Attention, Force Dynamics, and Cognitive State and to allow for an appropriate degree of fine-grainedness the analytical framework affords, the exposition has been constrained to the golf scenario, where forces are at work in the physical and sociodynamic domains.

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Chapter 6 Cross-Venue Comparisons of Force-Dynamically Specified Morphemes

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Chapter 6 Cross-Venue Comparisons of Force-Dynamical- ly Specified Morphemes This chapter will present a cross-selection of case studies demonstrating, from various perspectives, the link-up of Force Dynamics and Attention in different linguistic items. The move to include cross-venue analyses appears sensible, for the outline of Linguistic Attention in Chapter 3 may have documented that the possibility to direct one’s attention in different ways and strengths on the con- tent, the form, and the context of linguistic expressions proves a major motive for speakers (or writers) to choose, in their formulations, one out of several al- ternatives whose core meaning is considered identical; and hearers’ utterance interpretations may likewise be guided by the characteristic attentional effects of linguistic competitors that display their potential to differentially fore- ground components of their respective associated meanings, while sharing their semantic core. Hence, a central concern of this book is to work out se- lected items’ attentional profiles and detail factor combination effects -- i.e., re- inforcement, conflict, and overrule -- which may then be considered the ulti- mate objective of the entire work in progress The Attention System of Lan- guage. The analysis attempts, in Chapter 6.1, at systematically accounting for how the attentional mechanisms introduced in the previous chapter’s case studies prove foundational determinants to inform the semantic explication of the keep [V]-ing construction, the adverbial particle still, and the satellite on in the con- text, again, of rolling golf balls; second, and more specifically, these attentional mechanisms indeed suggest themselves as...

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