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Proliferation and Implementation of Prison Ombudsmen

Comparative Analysis of the Prisons and Probation Ombudsman for England and Wales and the Justizvollzugsbeauftragter des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen


Sabine Carl

Prison ombudsmen are charged with investigating claims of injustice and breaches of human rights within the total institutions of the penal system. This book comprehensively explains which needs these institutions were intended to meet, why they spread around the globe and how their proliferation determined their implementation. Using a grounded theory approach, the author examines one subject each from both the common and civil law world. The result is a detailed analysis of the acute impact of pressure on cross-fertilization processes involving human rights-sensitive penal institutions.


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C Methodology


This chapter deals with the selection and execution of the methods applied in this study. I. Method selection This chapter introduces grounded theory as the method underlying this entire research process. Additionally, it explains the application of qualitative instead of quantitative methods, describes the sources employed and the processes fol- lowed in this research study. It also explains the selection of the two studied ex- amples which is necessary to demonstrate this study’s findings. This section will conclude with a description of the possible influence of the researcher on the results. 1. Grounded theory Grounded theory building was chosen over all other methods because of the pro- ject’s focus on prison ombudsmen as a rarely explored phenomenon for which extant theory did not appear to be appropriate. This was done in the hope that a grounded theory building approach was more likely to generate novel and accu- rate insights into the phenomenon under study. This researcher recognises that the design of this study may on first sight appear incongruent with the chosen methodology. While grounded theory is nowadays a well-established method, it is still infrequently used. Hence, this researcher opted for a classic mode of presentation in an effort to increase the usability of this study. The incongruence of methodology and design is strictly limited to the presentation of the results. The research itself was conducted in rigorous accord with the rules of grounded theory. Grounded theory as a method was developed by Anselm Strauss and Barney Glaser during a...

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