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Monographic Sociology of Dimitrie Gusti

Social Science and Reform


Gabriela Georgevici

This book highlights an important moment in the history of Romanian sociology: The idea of getting involved in the knowledge and construction of social life as well as the virtues of the sociologic monograph method that were promoted by the Bucharest Sociologic School and the Banat-Crişana Social Institute. This work now forwards an analysis of Dimitrie Gusti’s original sociologic thinking system, a theoretic model underlying the monographic campaigns conducted by multidisciplinary teams. Rural studies were the central axis of the Bucharest Sociologic School. An important innovation of Dimitrie Gusti’s School is examined: the launching of social work through the Superior School for Social Work and Assistance Princess Ileana, founded in Bucharest in 1929. A detailed presentation of the monographs conducted by the Bucharest School and the Banat-Crişana Social Institute with their specific characteristics is given, bearing the mark of sociologist Dimitrie Gusti and other remarkable personalities of the Romanian inter-war scientific elite.


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Chapter II Development stages of the Romanian Sociology School


“The Bucharest Sociologic School” or “The School of Monographic Sociology” or “The Romanian School of Sociology”, as it was also called by H.H. Stahl (Larionescu, M., coord., 1996, p. 82), starts from the principles of the scientific and practical activities forwarded by Professor Dimitrie Gusti in his inaugural lecture given at the University of Yassy in 1910. On the 18th of March 1918, in Yassy, he founded “The Association for Social Study and Reform”, which by statute was an association for the study and implementation of social reforms; the proposal of solutions for the realisation of social reform, based on studies; contribution to the masses’ education; organisation of the seven sections by specialisations; publication of an organism of the association; presentation of social life realities in conferences, congresses, lectures, publications etc. On the 1st April 1919 the first issue of the “Archive for Social Science and Reform” is published, a press organism of the Association for the Social Study and Reform, published at the “Social Reform Editions” of Bucharest, that also published D. Gusti’s programmatic study “Social reality, science and reform”. Along with the transfer of Professor D. Gusti to the Chair of sociology, ethics and politics within the Faculty of Letters of the University of Bucharest, the association also relocated, and the second Ordinary General Assembly of the Association for Social Study and Reform decided, on the 13th of February 1921, its transformation into the “Romanian Social Institute” (R.S.I.). The members of the R.S.I. Committee were: Chairman – D. Gusti;...

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